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Understanding Passive Range of Motion

Despite the increased use of high-tech diagnostic procedures, assessing the function of soft tissues involved in locomotion is still best done through physical examination. We derive some of the most valuable assessment information from relatively straightforward procedures like active and passive range of motion tests. While you may have learned the basics of performing active […]

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Edutainment and Instructional Design

School can sometimes have a reputation for being dull, and students frequently have wandering attention. The wandering attention is especially challenging in entry-level education where students come to class every day amid hectic lives with many other distractions. Teachers then look for different strategies to keep students engaged. One of the ways teachers try to […]

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layers of skin

Why We Don’t Elongate Fascia (pt. 2)

This post is the second of a two-part series investigating the ideas of fascial manipulation. In the first part, I discussed the biomechanical properties of plastic and elastic tissue deformation of connective tissue. These principles demonstrate that we are unlikely to elongate and change the shape of fascia with manual therapy despite numerous claims to […]

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Why We Don’t Elongate Fascia (pt. 1)

One of the unique facets of our field (and granted there are many) is that much of our education follows the model of oral tradition. In an oral tradition, information is passed down from teacher to student and assumed to be valid and accurate because “that’s what our former teachers taught, or that’s what the […]

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Understanding the Golgi Tendon Organ

Understanding the Golgi Tendon Organ There are two primary proprioceptors responsible for maintaining proper muscle length and tone—the muscle spindle and the Golgi Tendon Organ (GTO). These two specialized cells work very efficiently together to control movement. This article focuses on the GTO and some common misconceptions about leveraging its function for manual therapy. The […]

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the three types of acromion process

Hooked on Shoulder Pain

Introduction We tend to look at anatomy and structure as something that is constant and unchanging, but the truth is there are a number of anatomical variations and many of the structures shown in anatomy books can be somewhat different among individuals. Adding to this complexity, a client’s anatomical structure can significantly change with age, […]

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Recognizing Baker’s Cysts

The practice of massage therapy helps develop outstanding palpation skills for the practitioner. One of the great advantages of improved palpation skills is the ability to identify structural abnormalities under the skin before the client might be aware of a problem even existing. Many of these structural abnormalities will not be painful, but sometimes they […]

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Vascular Compression in Soft-Tissue Therapy

The muscles in the anterior neck can become hypertonic or develop myofascial trigger points as a result of injury, poor posture, or simple overexertion. Some anterior cervical muscles are superficial and easily accessible, while others are deep and difficult to access with soft-tissue therapies. Because of sensitive neurological and vascular structures in the neck, it […]

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